How Does ADHD Work? (Part I)


There are three basic models to explain ADHD: Model I – Frontal/Pre-Frontal Lobe Dysfunction The frontal lobes, and especially the pre-frontal lobes, are involved in executive reasoning and inhibition of responses(Biederman et al, 2004). To explain, when you weigh possible solutions to a problem, evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of each possible solutions and finally choosing one, you are engaging in executive reasoning. ADHD can be thought of as a deficit in focusing, or a difficulty... more


Diagnosis of ADHD


Is ADHD Real Estimates vary, but the rates of ADHD fall between 3 to 5% (APA) and 7 to 12% (CDC) of children, with 60-85% continuing to meet criteria in adolescence, and 60% continuing to meet criteria in adulthood. Some authors debate whether ADHD is a real disorder, or simply a problem resulting from poor parenting, carbohydrate consumption and food additives, learning environment, etc…. ADHD is a “real” disorder, and many professional organizations have made clear statements... more


ADHD and Coping

Some parents and adults are hesitant to turn to medication. There are several things to try before trying medication if you are one of these parents or adults. However, even after medication, the following suggestions may still help. Tips for Teachers with ADHD Children Change where a child sits in the classroom to a place closer to the board or teacher’s desk, away from distractions such as the window and door, or closer to a student who can model on-target behavior and serve as a “study-buddy”... more


Special Help for ADHD Adults

Adults with ADHD are a special case. They may have been diagnosed as a child with ADHD, or they may be discovering their condition for the first time as an adult, sometimes when they bring their own child to a doctor for an evaluation. Much of what was discussed before about medication is still applicable to adults, and some of the techniques noted for children in school might help adults in their careers. Likewise, some of the tips for handling ADHD children might be helpful for loved ones with... more


ADHD – What you can do in addition to medication

What do we know about ADHD across the lifespan? ADHD is seen in 3-5% of children, and is the most common child diagnosis today. about 85% of those cases are boys and 15% are girls; however, Ingersoll argues that these estimates are based mostly on the hyperactive type of ADHD, and the inattentive type is under-estimated. there is a 10-35% chance a family member of an ADHD person will have it. heritability estimates (the percentage of the trait we think is genetically determined) are higher... more