0

What is a Learning Disability?

Some History Of Learning Disabilities The first written account of a learning disability was in 1896. The case was that of a 14 yr old boy “bright and intelligent… quick at games and in no way inferior to others of his age [except for] his inability to learn to read” The phrase “learning disability” was coined here in Chicago in 1963 by Kirk Old Ideas About Learning Disability Children with Learning Disabilities used to be diagnosed with “minimal brain dysfunction.”... more

0

The Nurture Assumption

review of a book by Judith Rich Harris In a very interesting book, Ms. Harris presents considerable psychological and anthropological data to reexamine the “Nurture Assumption,” or the belief that nurturing your children will lead to happy well-adjusted children, and that if your children grow up otherwise then logically you didn’t nurture them. Her explanations are clear and her ideas well presented. However, Ms. Harris makes some of the same mistakes as the developmental psychologists... more

3

Corporal Punishment in Children – What Does It Accomplish?

How Many Parents Spank Their Children? Gershoff reports that Straus and Stewart (1999) found that 94% of American parents spank their children by the ages of 3 or 4. Primarily they spank children up to age 5, one to two times per month. Gershoff notes too that the US Department of Health and Human Services (2001) indicated that 13 of every 1000 children are abused or neglected. Thinking that spanking leads to abuse, Gershoff investigated the effectiveness of spanking by conducting a meta-analysis.... more

0

Economic Models of Parenting: Family Investments in Children’s Potential

Economic Models of ParentingFamily Investments in Children’s PotentialBook by Ariel Kalil & Thomas C. DeLeireReview by Richard Niolon This collection is unlike typical reviews of family research and theory. Traditionally, such reviews seem to fall into one of two camps. On the one hand, there are those that focus on behaviors of parents in specific types of families, for example, including studies on the impact of Authoritarian versus Authoritative Parental Style in divorced families.... more

0

Parent and Family Types

Parent and Family Types The Influence of Parenting Style on Adolescent Competence and Substance UseArticle by Baumrind (1991) Journal of Early Adolescence 11(1) p. 56-95.Review by Richard Niolon Baumrind’s Model of Parenting Initially, Baumrind proposed three kinds of parents. Maccoby and Martin in the 1980s proposed a revised model, and Baumrind supported this. This is the model most people think of when they remember Baumrind. Based on their work, two factors or dimensions of parenting... more

64

Dealing With Anger and Children

Why do Children get angry? Many things can make children angry, just as they do with adults, but parents often find dealing with angry children to be the most difficult part the parenting job. They feel everything from exhaustion to nerve wracking aggravation. Often parents and children get locked into a contest of wills, and the parent wins with a “Because I Said So” argument. Afterward, they doubt themselves as parents and feel guilty, ashamed, and inept. Many of us were taught as... more

0

ADHD – What you can do in addition to medication

What do we know about ADHD across the lifespan? ADHD is seen in 3-5% of children, and is the most common child diagnosis today. about 85% of those cases are boys and 15% are girls; however, Ingersoll argues that these estimates are based mostly on the hyperactive type of ADHD, and the inattentive type is under-estimated. there is a 10-35% chance a family member of an ADHD person will have it. heritability estimates (the percentage of the trait we think is genetically determined) are higher... more

0

Telling Children About Divorce

Divorce

Many parents feel that facing their children, telling them that the world as they know it is about to change, and explaining why this is so, is the most difficult aspect of the divorce. They may well be right. Many parents, due to their anxiety about this step, do a terrible job of telling the children. They don’t intend to do a terrible job, but their fears, concerns for the children’s ability to understand what is happening, and desire to “spare them the pain” as much... more

0

Step-Families: When Families Mend

Divorce

Bray and Kelly report the findings of their extensive research in a new book, Step-Families: Love, Marriage, and Parenting in the First Decade. They explain that they found three main types of step-families. They discovered that step-families have their own Life Cycle, different from “traditional families,” and it takes several years for the family as a whole to solidify. The first two years are marked by intense conflict. The next two to three years are marked by relative peace. After... more

0

Divorced Mothers

Divorce

Much has been written about divorced mothers and their relationships with their children. Mothers, according to many authors, receive primary parenting responsibilities and physical custody of the children far more often than fathers. As a result, much of the research has focused upon mothers and their parenting, adjustment, and lifestyle changes. Sometimes it is easy to see the problems divorced mothers experience as based solely on them, their coping, and their responses. Keep in mind when you... more